During the Bubonic Plague, doctors wore these bird-like masks to avoid becoming sick. They would fill the beaks with spices and rose petals, so they wouldn’t have to smell the rotting bodies.

A theory during the Bubonic Plague was that the plague was caused by evil spirits. To scare the spirits away, the masks were intentionally designed to be creepy.

Mission fucking accomplished

Okay so I love this but it doesn’t cover the half of why the design is awesome and actually borders on making sense.

It wasn’t just that they didn’t want to smell the infected and dead, they thought it was crucial to protecting themselves. They had no way of knowing about what actually caused the plague, and so one of the other theories was that the smell of the infected all by itself was evil and could transmit the plague. So not only would they fill their masks with aromatic herbs and flowers, they would also burn fires in public areas, so that the smell of the smoke would “clear the air”. This all related to the miasma theory of contagion, which was one of the major theories out there until the 19th century. And it makes sense, in a way. Plague victims smelled awful, and there’s a general correlation between horrible septic smells and getting horribly sick if you’re around what causes them for too long.

You can see now that we’ve got two different theories as to what caused the plague that were worked into the design. That’s because the whole thing was an attempt by the doctors to cover as many bases as they could think of, and we’re still not done.

The glass eyepieces. They were either darkened or red, not something you generally want to have to contend with when examining patients. But the plague might be spread by eye contact via the evil eye, so best to ward that off too.

The illustration shows a doctor holding a stick. This was an examination tool, that helped the doctors keep some distance between themselves and the infected. They already had gloves on, but the extra level of separation was apparently deemed necessary. You could even take a pulse with it. Or keep people the fuck away from you, which was apparently a documented use.

Finally, the robe. It’s not just to look fancy, the cloth was waxed, as were all of the rest of their clothes. What’s one of the properties of wax? Water-based fluids aren’t absorbed by it. This was the closest you could get to a sterile, fully protecting garment back then. Because at least one person along the line was smart enough to think “Gee, I’d really rather not have the stuff coming out of those weeping sores anywhere on my person”.

So between all of these there’s a real sense that a lot of real thought was put into making sure the doctors were protected, even if they couldn’t exactly be sure from what. They worked with what information they had. And frankly, it’s a great design given what was available! You limit exposure to aspirated liquids, limit exposure to contaminated liquids already present, you limit contact with the infected. You also don’t give fleas any really good place to hop onto. That’s actually useful.

Beyond that, there were contracts the doctors would sign before they even got near a patient. They were to be under quarantine themselves, they wouldn’t treat patients without a custodian monitoring them and helping when something had to be physically contacted, and they would not treat non-plague patients for the duration. There was an actual system in place by the time the plague doctors really became a thing to make sure they didn’t infect anyone either.

These guys were the product of the scientific process at work, and the scientific process made a bitchin’ proto-hazmat suit. And containment protocols!

reblogging for the sweet history lesson

Reblogging because of the History lesson and because the masks, the masks are cool

hell yeh facts are cool thank you cellarspider
so fucking interesting

(via adamrichins)



Man gets a hard-on at the worst possible moment

mickey’s dick smasher is here

(via k-no-wmind)


*stops mid bj to pull a hair out of my mouth*

(via the-imgurian)

Oh tiny septum, you so sneaky! 

Fresh septum wearing a 16g circular barbell :) 

#septum #nose #nosepiercing #titanium #nosering #bodypiercingayr #piercingideas #bodymod #modified #piercing #bodypiercingbyesther #bodyjewelery #scotlandink @scotlandink @treeeetrunks_

Oh tiny septum, you so sneaky!

Fresh septum wearing a 16g circular barbell :)

#septum #nose #nosepiercing #titanium #nosering #bodypiercingayr #piercingideas #bodymod #modified #piercing #bodypiercingbyesther #bodyjewelery #scotlandink @scotlandink @treeeetrunks_

So here’s what I’ve been researching…

Any professionals are more than welcome to correct me with extra information or to correct me on any mistakes :)
Please get in touch via -

There are NO legal standards for tattooing and piercing in Scotland, when applying for a licence or opening a studio your a judged on your skills in sterility and the ventilation of the area, not on the service you provide.
This is why ‘piercing training courses’ or ‘tattoo schools’ are frowned upon in the industry, the act of actually piercing is very easy, and takes little time to learn, but it takes years to master the art of a good piercing that’ll heal in a short period of time and cause as little trouble for the piercee as possible! Training courses teach you everything in the space of a week, give you a certificate and no further tuition, so basically you need to hope your memory is good enough to have gone over every possible outcome for every piercing possible meanwhile remembering the procedure itself.
By landing an apprenticeship with an experienced piercer of at least 5+ years who feels comfortable in sharing they’re knowledge you’ll have the comfort of someone looking over your shoulder for at least a year and by working in the same studio you’ll hopefully get to see returning customers, whether it be for complications or a check up on a healed piercing, you’ll have gained experience in the foundations of becoming a good piercer.

By now, I’m hoping I’ve vaguely explained the difference between internally threaded jewellery and externally threaded jewellery to most of you when you’ve visited the studio for piercings. It’s been nearly a year since I first started marketing to find a customer base interested in companies such as Anatometal, Neometal, Industrial Strength, Body vision los angeles (BVLA), LeRoi etc and much as the information is sinking in, there’s a lot of you who are still unaware of the difference between a good piece of jewellery and cheap overpriced body jewellery.

First of all, lets look at what exactly the ‘threading’ on a piece of body jewellery actually is,
A thread is a spiral ridge that winds around the jewellery much like on a bolt or inside of a nut. To create a closure, there must be a male end (screw) that fits into a female hole. This can be done one of two ways.

Internally threaded jewellery houses a threaded hole inside of the jewellery and the male, external screw is found on the ball or decorative end.

Externally threaded jewellery is exactly the opposite, a threaded end is found on the outside of the piece and the ball or decorative end has a hole at the base also harbouring a thread so the two can connect.

That being explained, what does this mean when it comes to jewelery that’s safe for initial piercing and the customers health during the healing time and after the procedure?

It doesn’t matter if you’re using externally threaded jewellery for initial piercing, or changing the piece being worn in an existing/healed piercing. When you insert/remove said piece, the external threading will scrape along the inside of your piercing. This can cause scratch or irritate the sensitive skin (youch!) , and harmful bacteria that could be trapped between the gaps of the threading will be transported into your skin via the piercing.
By using internally threaded jewellery, with the threading not being exposed, these issues are void.

Externally threaded jewellery is cheap to produce, and most wholesale and retail companies (especially in the UK) do NOT use metal to make their products that is safe for human implant. As i recently discovered 2 of the most common wholesale jewellery companies in the UK use ASTM B265 (grade 5) titanium to make earrings, fake stretchers, lip, nipple, tongue bars and dermal anchors, jewellery that is used in over 90% of piercing studios in the UK.

To put a few hours of tedious research into a short summary.

ASTM B265 is the code-name for titanium alloy that is most commonly used in aircraft engineering, mechanics and the inner workings of machinery.

ASTM F136 is the code-name for titaium alloy that has been approved by the American Society for Testing Materials (astm) as safe for Surgical Implant grade.

Unfortunately because both ASTM B265 and ASTM F136 come from the titanium alloy (Ti-6AL-4V) jewelery suppliers can easily confuse customers by passing of their cheap products as ‘safe for human implant, under the name of Ti-6AL-4V without specifying any further. (see picture below)

After a few months of changing my stock from cheaper suppliers to one who supplies implant grade, I’ve seen far less problems with hypertropic scarring, healing time has been reduced significantly and with the jewellery being internally threaded, it hasn’t had the issue of balls/ decorative ends becoming lose and getting lost, saving myself and the customer a few extra pennies.

So why isn’t everyone using implant grade titanium?!
As previously mentioned, externally threaded jewellery made from non-implant grade titanium is easier to produce on a wholesale level. Surprisingly, it isn’t the price that deters retailers from using implant grade, its the durability. Implant grade titanium is the same price as the ‘aircraft’ metals, its just harder to mould and pour. 

Good quality jewellery takes time and effort, there are very few to no suppliers producing hand-made implant grade, internally threaded jewellery in the UK. So for us piercers, this means looking overseas. The average turnaround for a piece of jewellery from Anatometal, Neometal, Industrial Strength or BVLA can take up to 6 weeks for it to be hand made, precious stones sourced and fitted, hand polishing and anodizing (making the metal a different colour). The cost price of shipping can be up to $92 (£50/60), before you even think about what jewellery you’re going to order, because of the greater standards of material being used, ie, synthetic opals, precious stones, Swarovski diamonds jewellery prices are usually more than £0.90 per piece.

With cheap jewellery being so popular in the UK it’s without any sign of competition in recent years it’s hard to crack the market and convince the public you’re not just trying to scam them out of a few extra pennies, I’m hoping that by educating people a bit better on jewellery standards and their importance that by popular demand more and more piercing studios along the country will be interested in raising the bar to make piercings a more widely accepted industry as a whole.

See pictured above
- Non implant grade
- Mass produced 
- Externally threaded

See pictured above
- Implant grade
- Internally threaded
- Hand made

Fresh rook with a 16g internally threaded barbell :) 

#earpiercing #piercingideas #barbell #titanium #implantgrade #internalthread #rook #helix #daith #piercer #scotlandink  #bodypiercingbyesther #bodyjewelery @scotlandink #bodypiercingayr #curvedbarbell #16gauge

Fresh rook with a 16g internally threaded barbell :)

#earpiercing #piercingideas #barbell #titanium #implantgrade #internalthread #rook #helix #daith #piercer #scotlandink #bodypiercingbyesther #bodyjewelery @scotlandink #bodypiercingayr #curvedbarbell #16gauge

❤ Jake Leggings ❤
If you work in body piercing sometimes you get to meet people who look like @danbilzerian ! :D 

Barney the barber/body builder and master of alliteration came in this morning for a nose piercing, I used a 16g internally threaded labret with 2.0mm Swarovski crystal attachment.

#nose #nostril #gem #internalthread #labret #nosepiercing #nosering #piercing #scotlandink #bodypiercingbyesther #bodyjewelery #piercer #barber #trendz #Swarovskicrystal #Swarovski #freshpiercing @scotlandink

If you work in body piercing sometimes you get to meet people who look like @danbilzerian ! :D

Barney the barber/body builder and master of alliteration came in this morning for a nose piercing, I used a 16g internally threaded labret with 2.0mm Swarovski crystal attachment.

#nose #nostril #gem #internalthread #labret #nosepiercing #nosering #piercing #scotlandink #bodypiercingbyesther #bodyjewelery #piercer #barber #trendz #Swarovskicrystal #Swarovski #freshpiercing @scotlandink

(Source: skindeeptales)